Glossary

Cosmetics Glossary
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Bamboo
Keeps the skin healthy by helping the body absorb essential minerals. It is also an anti-irritant and anti-oxidant, giving it the ability to soothe the skin, help minimize the appearance of wrinkles and naturally promote a youthful appearance.
Beeswax
Substance made by bees to build the walls of their honeycomb, within skin care and cosmetics products it is used as a thickening agent because of its emollient properties.
Benzephenone-3
Also called oxybenzone, a sunscreen agent that protects skin primarily from the sun’s UVB rays and some, but not all, UVA rays.
Benzoic Acid
Preservative used in skin-care products; it is considered less irritating than some other forms of preservatives.
Benzol Formate
A synthetic flavouring ingredient used in perfume.
Benzoyl Peroxide
An effective topical antibacterial agent.
Beta-Carotene
Also known as pro-vitamin A. This is used as a colouring in many anti-oxidant products, and fights skin damage caused by free radicals.
Biotin
Also known as vitamin H. It has healing properties and reduces redness in acneic skin.
Boric Acid
An inorganic acid used as a mild antiseptic and preservative. Used as a preservative to prevent yeast overgrowth. While an antiseptic agent, it is out of favor for use in skin care products due to its irritancy potential.
Botanicals
Ingredients dervied from plants that have generally not undergone any chemical processing.
Bromelain
A natural enzyme found in pineapples. Promotes natural skin exfoliation.
Butter
Within cosmetics they are substances that are solid and melt at body temperature used as a topical treatment.
Butyl Sterate
A synthetic antifoaming ingredient used as a binder or surfactant in cosmetics.
Butylene Glycol
Solvents used to dilute. An organic humectant (promotes the retention of moisture in the skin) similar to propylene glycol, used primarily in hairsprays and lotions.
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