Glossary

Cosmetics Glossary
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Echinacea
A primary remedies for helping the body rid itself of microbial infections. It is often effective against both bacterial and viral attacks, and maybe used in conditions such as boils and infections. It seems to prevent infection and repair tissue damaged by the infection, it is also thought to boost the immune system. Echinacea is frequently taken for cold or flu symptoms and has an anti-itching and soothing property when used in skin-care products.
Elastin
This protein is responsible for the elasticity of body tissues, more specifically, the skin. An elastin is also a surface protective agent used in cosmetics to alleviate the effects of dry skin. Fiber within the dermis similar to collagen, gives support and "snap" to the skin. In topicals, it cannot penetrate the skin, but is great for protecting against moisture loss.
Emollient
Lubricating agent that prevents water loss.
Emulsifier
Refers to any ingredient that helps keep unlike ingredients (such as oil and water) from separating in an emulsion.
Emulsion
Formed when two or more non-mixable liquids are shaken thoroughly together so that the mixture appears homogenized (e.g. dual-phased makeup removers). These products are usually formulated for dry skin types.
Enzyme
A class of protein (catalyst) that is capable of accelerating or producing biochemical reactions by binding to and cleaving other proteins.
Essential Oil
The essence of a plant, removed by compressing, steaming, dissolving or distilling. These oils produce the strongest odors, flavors, or medicinal properties when used in a product.
Esters
An emollient used in cosmetics products that is usually non-irritating and beneficial for dry skin as a conditioner.
Eucalyptus
As an oil it has blood stimulation properties (A vaso-dilator that improves blood circulation), beneficial for the treatment of hair loss. It has antiseptic, cooling and stimulating properties.
Evening Primrose
Has been recommended for infantile eczema due to its natural and anti-inflammatory properties. It also helps restore moisture to the skin.
Exfoliant
An ingredient or cosmetic tool used to help slough away the dead skin cells.
Extract
An herbal concentrate produced by separating the essential or active part of an herb into a solvent material.
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