Glossary

Cosmetics Glossary
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Gelatin
A protein produced from animals, used to gel liquids. Used as thickener and firming/bodying agent in shampoos and facemasks.
Germicide
A substance that stops the growth of germs.
Ginseng
Ginseng is considered a tonic and is most widely known as an energy booster. It helps fight stress and stimulates RNA & DNA activity in the cells.
Glycerin
A humectant (draws moisture from the air to moisturize the skin) that absorbs moisture from the air to keep hair and skin moist. It is also used as an emollient (skin smoothener and softener), lubricant (skin lubricator that helps prevents moisture loss), emulsifier (thickener) and diluting agent in cosmetics. Hydrates and provides a skin barrier; allows topical agents to go on very smoothly; a concern is clogging of pores when present in high concentrations.
Glycine
A non-essential amino acid that helps trigger the release of oxygen to the energy requiring cell-making process. Glycine aids in the synthesis of non essential amino acids in the body. Glycine is an amino acids that can spare glucose for energy by improving glycogen storage. Glycine is also readily converted into Creatine, which is utilized to make RNA and DNA. Amino acid vital to collagen composition and production.
Glycolic Acid
Hydroxyacetic acid, found in young plants and green fruits. This acid helps reduce the build up of excess dead skin cells. Mainly derived from sugar cane juice, it is also used to adjust the pH in products. Alpha hydroxy acid helpful for acne-prone skin, resolves dry skin conditions; used in chemical peels as well as to help reduce the appearance of pores and wrinkles; exfoliates excess flaking or crusty skin.
Glycolipids
A plant-derived mixture of glycoceramides that help promote a stronger, healthier skin barrier. They are able to stabilize creams and lotions without irritating surfactants. They form rich gels, solubilize fats in alcoholic preparations, prevent fat crystallization or bind water in lipsticks and make-up formulations. Glycolipids enhance the bioavailability of other active ingredients. They are hydrating, restructuring, film forming, smoothing and refatting ingredients. Phospholipids and Glycolipids give a very rich skin feel to cosmetics. Therefore these membrane lipids are the best natural and biological solution for emulsions and modern delivery systems in cosmetics.
Grape Seed Oil
Has a moisturizing and nourishing property due to its high linoleic acid content.
Green Tea
Japanese Green Tea contains two active groups of chemicals known as xanthines (ingredients that suppress inflammation and irritation and reduce cellulite) and polyphenols or catechins (contain powerful antioxidant properties that are 20 times stronger the Vitamin E).
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